For the first time, we were able to have an integrated view of the rural fire risk management system that reflects the €264 million invested by Portugal, 50% of which was channelled to prevention, reversing a decades-old approach, with more than 80% of expenditure linked to fire suppression, just as in 2017. This effort, embodied in resource training, laws and specific procedural improvements helped to decrease the vulnerability of the population to the current reality (territory, climate, economy and people) in the short term. The number of ignitions and large fires, the extent of burned area and damage also decreased. However, in the coming years, it is vital that we continue these efforts, implement new processes and step up transformation in this area (landscape and behaviours) by equipping entities with the human resources and management skills needed for on-site implementation and the efficient and effective results-oriented management of resources.

We would like thank all the entities involved in the Integrated Wildland Fire Management System for their invaluable contributions and the following entities in particular, who collaborated with AGIF in preparing this report:



  • Home Affairs
  • Agency for Administrative Modernisation
  • Agriculture
  • Environment and Climate Action
  • Science, Technology and Higher Education
  • Territorial Cohesion
  • National Defence
  • Economy and Digital Transition
  • Education
  • Finance
  • Infrastructure and Housing
  • Justice
  • Sea
  • General Secretariat of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers
  • Labour, Solidarity and Social Security



  • National Emergency and Civil Protection Authority
  • Directorate-General for Territorial Development
  • Armed Forces (EMGFA, Navy, Army, Air Force)
  • ForestWISE – Collaborative Laboratory for Integrated Rural Fire Management
  • Republican National Guard
  • INESC TEC – Institute for Systems and Computer Engineering, Technology and Science
  • Infraestruturas de Portugal
  • Institute for Nature Conservation and Forests
  • Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere
  • Portuguese Criminal Police
  • University of Évora